In the backbone, spongy pads of tissue called discs lie between the small bones (called vertebrae). The disc helps absorb pressure and keeps the bones from rubbing against each other. They have a tough outer ring and a soft jelly-like middle. Acute disc herniation (also known as slipped disc), happens when the tough outer ring of a disc tears. The jelly-like middle bulges out through the tear and this may press on nearby nerves, causing pain and weakness in the muscles. Read more about Anterior Cervical Disc Replacement & Fusion Surgery.
This involves replacing the old and worn out disc with an artificial disc that is made of a material that is meant to last awhile. This procedure has been used in clinical trials in Europe for about 15 years. Surgeons have used this procedure in the United Kingdom for several years now, with exceptional results. Read more about artificial disc replacement.
Balloon Kyphoplasty Procedure provides rapid pain relief, reduces need for pain medication, improves functional ability and enhances health-related quality of life. Compared to non-surgical conventional medical therapy, Balloon Kyphoplasty Procedure reduces subsequent adjacent fractures and has a lower risk of cement leakage when compared to vertebroplasty. Read more about Balloon Kyphoplasty Procedure
The London Spine Specialists are one of the few organisations in the UK performing this procedure. We have started using cervical disc replacement surgery since it was approved by the National Institute for Clinical Excellence. Read more about Cervical Disc Replacement Spinal Surgery.
Keyhole discectomy is a procedure carried out to release the pressure on spinal nerves caused by a slipped disc – the body’s shock absorbers that sit between the vertebrae. It can also be used to treat sciatica and chronic back pain. Read more about Keyhole discectomy.
These techniques are used to treat fractures of the spine due to weakness of the vertebrae and aim to stop pain and stabilize the spine. It is often used to treat painful vertebral compression factures caused by as osteoporosis but it is also effective in treating damage caused by metastatic tumour, multiple myeloma and vertebral haemangioma. Read more about kyphoplasty & vertebroplasty.
This procedure is usually performed under general anethesia. The patient is placed face-down on the operating table. The exact procedure depends on the location of the problem, for example if it is in the neck, the head is clamped to prevent movement. Read more about Laminectomy.
Lumbar decompression or lumbar laminectomy is an operation performed on the lower spine to relieve pressure on one or more nerve roots. The term is derived from lumbar (lower spine), lamina (part of the spinal canal’s bony roof), and -ectomy (removal). Read more about Lumbar Decompression.
Lumbar Disc Replacement Surgery is a relatively new treatment for people who have suffered from degenerative discs causing years of severe and debilitating pain in their spine. It involves an operation to remove a damaged disc and replace it with an artificial disc. Read more about Lumbar Disc Replacement.
A spinal fusion of the lumbar spine is designed to stop the movement at a painful, unstable spinal joint. By linking together (fusing) two or more of the vertebrae, your surgeon is trying to eliminate the motion that occurs within that portion of the spine. Once a segment of the spine is stabilized the patient usually experiences some relief of pain. The surgeon may opt to use specialised spinal instruments (screws, rods, plates) to immobilize the spine, this immobilization will enhance the healing process. Spinal instrumentation acts as an internal splint. Read more about Lumbar Fusion Surgery.
Minimally Invasive means minimal damage to normal tissue. Minimally Invasive Discectomy includes any procedure that keeps the skin incision very small and avoids undue retraction to spine muscles. MICRODISCECTOMY (using a microscope) and ENDOSCOPIC DISCECTOMY (operating through a camera) are 2 different forms of MID. Read more about Lumbar MicroDiscectomy Surgery.
Spinal Fusion is a surgery to fuse two or more vertebrae to prevent movement that causes excessive pain. The aim is to ‘weld’ painful vertebrae together to form one bone and eliminate the movement and jarring caused by damaged vertebrae. It is most commonly used in the lumbar region of the spine but can be employed to treat cervical and thoracic problems. Read more about Spinal Fusion.