Lumbar Disc Replacement
Causes Of Lumbar Disc Replacement
Lumbar Discs can become damaged, ineffective and painful through wear and tear, poor posture, heavy lifting, repeated minor injuries, trauma or a degenerative disease.
Lumbar Disc Replacement Symptoms
A damaged lumbar disc can cause a range of pain, numbness and tingling across the body but the most common symptom is lower back pain which causes problems and discomfort straightening your back. Pain can be felt in the shoulders, back, arms, neck, hands, legs and feet while pain will be felt in the buttocks, hips or legs if the disc exerts pressure on the sciatic nerve.
Lumbar Disc Replacement Treatment
Conventional spinal fusion surgery that stiffens the spine carries prolonged recovery from work and activities and is associated with adjacent level disc degeneration from added stress to the discs.
Lumbar disc replacement surgery is only offered after non-operative alternatives have been exhausted. In this procedure, the surgeon inserts an artificial disc replacement composed of high-density plastic sandwiched between two metal plates in place of the removed disc in order regain normal motion.
Grooved teeth in the plates’ outer sides keep the disc in place, as does the natural pressure of the spine. The artificial disc helps the spine maintain its natural flexibility and shock absorption.
The procedure reduces midline spinal pain, recovery times and hospital stays is much reduced as compared to fusion and it also allows for the patient to lead an active and productive life due to the maintenance of normal spinal motion with an associated lower rate of additional surgery for degeneration of adjacent disc segments.
The hospital stay for disc replacement surgery is approximately two days. Patients can begin rehabilitation and return to daily activities much quicker than with fusion surgery.